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What is Oxycontin?

Oxycontin is a medicine that helps to relieve severe pain.

Oxycontin is a brand name for the drug oxycodone. Oxycodone is associated with a class of drugs known as opioid analgesics. These drugs act on the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain.

The immediate-release tablets of oxycodone come as a generic drug. The extended-release tablets are only available as the brand-name drug OxyContin. Oxycontin is not available in every pharmacy. However, you can also buy oxycontin online.

Oxycontin tablets are available in many strengths. These are as follows:

  • Oxycontin OC 10mg
  • Oxycontin OC 20mg
  • Oxycontin OC 30mg
  • Oxycontin OC 40mg
  • Oxycontin OC 60mg
  • Oxycontin OC 80mg
  • Oxycontin OC 5mg
  • Oxycontin OP 10mg
  • Oxycontin OP 15mg
  • Oxycontin OP 20mg
  • Oxycontin OP 30mg
  • Oxycontin OP 40mg
  • Oxycontin OP 60mg
  • Oxycontin OP 80mg

How to take Oxycontin?

Oxycodone is available in five forms. It includes:

  • immediate-release form
  • extended-release form
  • immediate-release capsule
  • extended-release capsule
  • solution

Take oxycodone by mouth as prescribed by your doctor. The immediate-release tablets are also available as the brand-name drugs Oxaydo, Roxicodone, and Roxybond.

Your dosage of this drug depends on several factors, which includes:

  • age
  • medical condition
  • the severity of your condition
  • other medical conditions
  • reaction to treatment

Do not take oxycodone in larger amounts or for longer than the prescribed period. The starting dosage of oxycontin can range from 5 mg to 15mg. Take oxycontin with or without food, usually every 12 hours.

Take this drug with food if you have nausea.

Do not chew, break, crush, or dissolve the tablets because doing so can increase overdose risk.  An oxycodone overdose can be fatal, especially among the people who are using this medicine without a prescription. Overdose symptoms may include drowsiness, slow breathing, vomiting, small pupils, and extreme tiredness.

Suddenly stopping oxycontin may cause withdrawal. It is more likely among the people who have used this medicine for a longer time or high doses. Your doctor may lower your dosage slowly to prevent withdrawal.

The withdrawal symptoms include restlessness, watery eyes, nausea, runny nose, sweating, diarrhea, mood changes, or sudden behavior changes.

Oxycontin can cause addiction, and the risk is more likely among people who have a substance use disorder.

What to know before taking oxycontin? 

Do not use oxycontin if you are allergic to oxycodone or have breathing problems or a blockage in your stomach or intestines. People should tell their doctor if they ever had the following medical conditions:

  • seizures
  • alcohol or drug addiction
  • kidney or liver disease
  • breathing problems
  • problems with gallbladder, pancreas, and thyroid
  • urinating problems
  • epilepsy
  • bowel or stomach conditions

Using oxycontin during pregnancy can make your baby dependent on the drug and cause withdrawal symptoms after it is born.

Before using oxycodone, make sure to ask your doctor if you are breastfeeding. Oxycontin can pass through breastmilk which can be harmful to your child.

What are the benefits of using oxycontin?

Oxycontin is a powerful pain reliever and can help in the treatment of severe pain. It helps in relieving several types of pain, which includes:

  • cancer-related pain
  • chronic pain
  • paroxysmal pain
  • steady pain

What are the side effects of oxycontin?

Some side effects of oxycontin include:

  • changes in mood or behavior
  • dry mouth
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • dizziness
  • drowsiness
  • constipation
  • insomnia
  • itchiness
  • headache
  • weakness

Some severe side effects of oxycontin include:

  • lightheadedness
  • unusual thoughts or behavior
  • shallow breathing
  • confusion
  • sleep apnea
  • loss of appetite

Old age people may be more sensitive to the side effects of oxycodone because their kidney function may be less, making it harder for their bodies to process the drug.

How does oxycontin work?

Oxycodone helps in increasing the level of dopamine in a person’s brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that controls the feeling of pleasure. Opioids get attached to the opioid receptors found in many areas of the body. It reduces the transmission of pain messages to the brain, which helps in reducing pain.

What to avoid while using oxycontin?

Drugs: Drugs that you should avoid while using oxycodone are as follows:

Buprenorphine: You should not use these drugs with oxycodone because it can decrease the effect of oxycodone.

Anesthesia drugs: Drugs like butorphanol, nalbuphine, and pentazocine can decrease the effects of oxycodone. These drugs can also cause symptoms of withdrawal.

Using oxycodone with other drugs can increase the risk of side effects from these drugs. Examples of these drugs include:

  • Benzodiazepines such as diazepam, lorazepam, or alprazolam.
  • Antidepressants such as doxepin, fluvoxamine
  • Hypnotics such as zolpidem, temazepam, or estazolam
  • Antipsychotic drugs, such as chlorpromazine
  • Muscle relaxants such as baclofen, cyclobenzaprine
  • Antifungals such as ketaconazole

Alcohol: Do not drink alcohol with oxycontin because it may raise your risk of severe side effects from oxycodone. The side effects may include dizziness, drowsiness, lightheadedness, and difficulty concentrating.

Grapefruit: Consuming grapefruit and grapefruit juice can decrease how quickly the body breaks down oxycontin. Drinking grapefruit juice can also increase the effects and side effects of oxycontin.