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What is Ambien?

Zolpidem tartrate, also known as the brand name Ambien is a sedative that helps to treat sleep problems in adults. Zolpidem is related to a class of drugs known as sedative-hypnotics. It affects the unbalanced chemical in the brain of people with insomnia, producing a calming effect.

Ambien comes in the form of immediate-release and extended-release tablets. The immediate-release pills help you to fall asleep when you go to bed. The extended-release tablets have two layers. The first layer gets dissolve quickly to make you fall asleep, and the second layer dissolves slowly to help you stay asleep.

Zolpidem is available as 5 mg and 10 mg immediate-release oral tablets and 6.25 mg and 12.5 mg extended-release oral tablets. You can also buy Ambien online.

How to take Ambien?

Take Ambien by mouth and exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take this medicine for longer than the specified period. This drug’s recommended dose is not the same for men and women. The drug is not for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

The misuse of zolpidem can cause addiction, overdose, or death. This medication is for short-term use only. People should not take this drug for longer than 4 or 5 weeks unless their doctor recommends it.

Do not take Ambien with a meal or right after a meal. It may help you fall asleep faster if you take it on an empty stomach.

Do not suddenly stop taking Ambien because you may have withdrawal symptoms. The withdrawal symptoms are more likely in people who use this medicine for the long-term or high doses. The withdrawal symptoms include nausea, vomiting, nervousness, stomach pain.

The prescribed dose for women is Ambien 5 mg and either Ambien 10 or 5 mg for men. The total dosage should not exceed 10 mg once daily. Older people may be more sensitive to the effects of zolpidem tartrate. The recommended dosage of Ambien for older people is 5 mg once daily.

Take this medicine only if you have at least 7-8 hours before waking up. If you wake up before that, you may have some memory loss and may have trouble safely doing some activities that require alertness.

What to know before taking Ambien?

People using Ambien may get involved in activities like driving, eating, walking and later have no memory of it. Stop taking Ambien if this happens to you, and talk with your doctor about another treatment for your condition.

People should not take this drug if they are allergic to zolpidem.

This medicine may contain lactose. People should not take this medicine if they are lactose intolerant.

To make sure that Ambien is safe for you, tell your doctor if you ever had the following medical conditions:

  • liver or kidney disease
  • depression, mental illness, or suicidal thoughts
  • lung disease or breathing problems
  • drug or alcohol addiction
  • sleep apnea

Do not use Ambien in the last trimester of pregnancy because it may cause breathing problems and drowsiness in your newborn.

What are the benefits of using Ambien?

Ambien helps in slowing down the brain activity, allowing you to sleep. It helps a person with insomnia to quickly fall asleep and stay asleep. Ambien is useful for people who have trouble falling asleep to get a good and fast sleep.

It is useful for the short-term relief of insomnia. 

What are the side effects of Ambien?

Taking zolpidem may cause a severe allergic reaction. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include rash, itching, or swelling, dizziness, trouble breathing.

Ambien can make you sleepy during the daytime. Talk to your doctor if this happens.

Some side effects of Ambien are as follows:

  • drowsiness
  • dizziness
  • lightheadedness
  • loss of coordination
  • memory loss
  • mood or behavior changes
  • nausea
  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • dry mouth
  • headache

Stop using this medicine if you have:

  • chest pain
  • fast or irregular heartbeat
  • shortness of breath
  • trouble breathing or swallowing

How does Ambien work?

Ambien decreases brain activity, producing a calming effect.

Ambien causes the sedative impact by enhancing Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) effects, a chemical transmitter in the brain.

What to avoid while taking Ambien?

Drugs: Some drugs can affect the removal of zolpidem from your body, affecting how Ambien works. Medicines that may interact with Ambien are as follows:

  • anti-anxiety medications, including benzodiazepines, such as diazepam and oxazepam
  • antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, imipramine, nortriptyline
  • sleeping pills, such as eszopiclone
  • anticonvulsants such as valproate
  • antifungal medications, such as itraconazole, or ketoconazole
  • antihistamines that cause sedation, such as diphenhydramine
  • narcotic pain relievers
  • sodium oxybate

Alcohol: Using Ambien with alcohol may worsen the side effects of the medicine. The symptoms include dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impaired thinking and judgment. Avoid consumption of alcohol while using this drug.

Do not drive a vehicle or operate hazardous machinery until you know how zolpidem will affect you. You may feel the effects of this drug till the morning, resulting in impaired reactions. Do not do any activity that requires alertness.